Unitary system is a system of government in which all governmental powers are concentrated in the hands of a single authority or central government. The central government has all the constitutional powers, assumes supremacy over all other subordinates units and makes laws for the entire state.
Features of Unitary System of Government
i. All governmental powers are concentrated in the hands of a single authority or central government.
ii. There is no constitutional division of powers between the central government and the local regions.
iii. The central government is the only source from which power emanates.
iv. The central government can delegate powers to other subordinate bodies.
v. The constitution need not necessary be supreme, for the central government may have power to modify it.
vi. The constitution need not be rigid.
vii. There is no judicial review
viii. The citizens owe allegiance to only one government; that is, the central government.
ix. It is best practiced in a homogeneous state where there are no sharp differences in religion, language and political belief.
x. A unitary government adopts a unitary constitution.
xi. The various units into which the nation is divided for administrative purposes are created by the central government.
xii. There is parliamentary supremacy in a unitary state.
SS1 Government Lesson notesSS2 Government Objective QuestionsLesson Notes for SS3 Government Unitary System of Government Lesson Note